Take a break from the exercise, movement or activity that caused your muscle strain, then ice the area for 10-minute intervals as often as necessary. Ultrasound often can help distinguish among several different types of soft tissue injuries. Your doctor may suggest that you immobilize the area with a brace or splint. It is never shameful to protect an injured or strained muscle. During the physical exam, your doctor will check for swelling and points of tenderness. Find out whether it’ll be covered, when it might be available, whether COVID-19 tests are covered…, Learn COVID-19 and coronavirus symptoms like fever and shortness of breath. In a grade 1 strain recovery is roughly 2 weeks. Rest. 1. Muscle strains can happen to anyone. Use a barrier such as a towel between an ice pack and your skin. Instead, during waking hours, try to ice the strain for 15-20 minutes once an hour. Managing the pain from a muscle strain requires rest, specific medical treatment and rehab exercises. Muscles that are stronger and more flexible are less likely to be injured. Muscle Strain Treatment Self-Care at Home The amount of swelling or local bleeding into the muscle (from torn blood vessels) can best be managed … If you had a partial tear or strain, once the muscle is healed you can usually return to normal activities as long as you take it easy on the weakened gluteal area at first. In this post, we will explain the proper at-home care for many frequently asked sports injury questions, such as how to treat a sprained ankle and whether you should use heat or ice for muscle strain. Treatment for a strained foot may include resting the foot, elevating the foot, and taking a pain reliever. Mild strains can be treated at home. Compress your muscle by applying a steady, gentle pressure on it. 2. 2. In general, stretching and warm compresses are helpful … Allow your skin to warm up in between icing intervals. Sprains. This is often a very painful experience. However, for the muscle strain treatment to work, you have to apply it as soon as possible after the injury. During exertion, you might notice a … A sprain is a torn ligament and a strain is torn tendon, but the results of both injuries are the same — swelling and inflammation in the area of damage. Muscle strain treatment depends upon an accurate diagnosis from your health professional. A full pack of ice cubes or maybe heat could decrease the pain and likely give lot of relief to the patient. This prevents swelling and inflammation, which delay healing. There are very few risks of treating a muscle strain. A low back muscle strain occurs when the muscles of the back are abnormally stretched too far. The muscles that are going to allow you to brake are your gastrocnemius and your soleus, in that order. How to Treat a Pulled Muscle 1. Elevate the injury above your heart to reduce swelling. approach — rest, ice, compression, elevation: 1. The … Last medically reviewed on December 8, 2015, Strains and sprains are injuries to the soft tissues of the body. Muscle strain occurs when a muscle becomes overstretched or works too hard. Have you ever injured this part of your body before? In more severe injuries, where the muscle or tendon has been completely ruptured, your doctor may be able to see or feel a defect in the area of injury. First aid for muscle strains Most muscle strains can be successfully treated at home. Sub-Acute Soft Tissue Injury Treatment; Acupuncture and Dry Needling; Soft Tissue Massage; Kinesiology Tape; Supportive Taping & Strapping; Electrotherapy & Local Modalities; Heat Packs; Medications? If you had a partial tear or strain, once the muscle is healed you can usually return to normal activities as long as you take it easy on the weakened gluteal area at first. Healthline Media does not provide medical advice, diagnosis, or treatment. A sudden or acute strain is caused by: A recent injury. Home treatment … 4. Muscle weakness; When to see the doctor. We review Sunsoil CBD, including its reputation and certified organic products. If you suspect a shoulder strain, take action immediately. Overexerting your body can lead to numerous injuries. Ice – apply an ice pack (or a bag of frozen vegetables wrapped in a tea towel) to the injury for up to 20 minutes every 2 to 3 hours. Protect by applying an elastic bandage, sling, or splint. This is the feeling of the muscle tissue being stretched until it snaps. Until your professional assessment, use the following guidelines: Apply ice and a compression bandage. Your doctor will provide specific follow-up instructions based on the type and severity of your injury. Muscle strains are a very common injury. Check out these best-sellers and special offers on books and newsletters from Mayo Clinic. If you have a bowel condition or are having bowel surgery, you may be asked to follow a low residue diet. This content does not have an English version. Strain. See a doctor if your symptoms worsen despite treatment — especially if your pain becomes intolerable, or you experience numbness or tingling. The sooner you can get the pulled muscle above your heart, apply compression, and ice it, the better, Hamilton says. But if you don’t know how to treat muscle knots, these lumps can lead to some not-so-fun issues down the line. This is done by treating areas of shoulder strain or muscle damage through specific therapy techniques, restoring muscles to their normal length by stretching and using the exercises for shoulder pain, and preventing factors that can cause these problems to continue. Muscles that are stronger and more flexible are less likely to be injured. Accessed April 27, 2018. Try a massage to loosen tense muscles and promote healing. American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons. A physical therapist can help you to maximize stability and strength of the injured joint or limb. The severity of your muscle strain, and what function or loads your injured muscle will need to cope with, will impact the length of your healing and rehabilitation process. 2. Wrap it in a thin towel, to protect your skin from getting damaged by direct ice. Medical treatment is similar to the treatmen… A single copy of these materials may be reprinted for noncommercial personal use only. Before we jump into treatment, it’s important to understand the symptoms and causes of many typical sports injuries. This is done by treating areas of shoulder strain or muscle damage through specific therapy techniques, restoring muscles to their normal length by stretching and using the exercises for shoulder pain, and preventing factors that can cause these problems to continue. What Causes Dark Knuckles and How Can You Treat Them? If you have a quad strain, you’ll likely feel it near your hip or knee. For immediate self-care of a muscle strain, try the R.I.C.E. Subacute Muscle Strain Treatment. Ice. Rest the muscle for at least a day. Increase the intensity of your training program gradually. Wrapping an elastic bandage around the affected muscle is best. A bag of frozen peas or another vegetable also works well as an ice pack. In this post, we will explain the proper at-home care for many frequently asked sports injury questions, such as how to treat a sprained ankle and whether you should use heat or ice for muscle strain. In mild cases, only a few muscle fibers are stretched or torn, and the muscle remains intact and strong. You can treat most muscle strains yourself at home and don’t need to see your GP. Regaining proper function is essential to healing a shoulder strain. approach — rest, ice, compression, elevation: Some doctors recommend avoiding over-the-counter pain medications that can increase your risk of bleeding — such as aspirin, ibuprofen (Advil, Motrin IB, others) and naproxen sodium (Aleve) — during the first 48 hours after a muscle strain. Common Aches, Pains, and Soft Tissue Injuries. Ice immediately, and continue to ice for 10 to 15 minutes every hour, for 2-3 days. According to the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons (AAOS), the most common and effective treatment for muscle strains is the RICE method. Stand up, walk around, and stretch to help prevent future neck strains. Treatment. As the pain decreases, you can use heat on the muscle. Grade 3 is a muscle-tendon rupture and requires surgery. How to Treat Your Dog’s Sprain or Strain; How to Treat Your Dog’s Sprain or Strain. Rest the muscle for at least a day. People can often treat muscle strains at home and use specific exercises to speed up their recovery. Common Aches, Pains, and Soft Tissue Injuries. Even if you're seeking medical help, ice the area immediately. How to use heat to help recover from calf muscle tear: To help the muscle tissue heal quicker and start the rehabilitation process, you should apply heat daily to the injured calf. After icing, compress the area using an ace bandage or another kind of wrap to prevent swelling. https://orthoinfo.aaos.org/en/diseases--conditions/sprains-strains-and-other-soft-tissue-injuries. To treat a muscle strain, the RICE method (rest, ice, compression, elevation) is generally preferred when access to an athletic trainer or physician is not available. For some injuries, such as a torn tendon, surgery may be considered. Stretching and light exercises to bring blood to the injured area can also be useful. Compression. How do you treat a muscle strain? You may want to write a list that includes: Your doctor may ask some of the following questions: Mayo Clinic does not endorse companies or products. Muscle strain occurs when a muscle becomes overstretched or works too hard. Coronavirus Vaccine: Will Medicare Cover It? Poor conditioning, fatigue, and an improper warmup can lead to a muscle strain. Activities that can increase the risk of muscle strain include athletic activity in sports, with sudden acceleration or deceleration, throwing, quick and/or heavy lifting, sudden coughing, or injury of muscle while performing irregular work tasks. The severity of your muscle strain, and what function or loads your injured muscle will need to cope with, will impact the length of your healing and rehabilitation process. These can include: The last thing you want to do is reinjure a strained muscle. As the pain decreases, you can use heat on the muscle. Information about medical problems you've had, Information about the medical problems of your parents or siblings, All the medications and dietary supplements you take. Lifting heavy objects the wrong way. Hold the ice pack to your sore area for 20 minutes at a time 4 to 8 times a day until the swelling has gone down. But, more serious damage that is likely to occur is the tearing of the muscle fibers and those tendons and the rupture of the capillaries in that area. Practice good posture when you sit and stand. A strain happens when you twist or pull a muscle or tendon. Learn more about the causes, treatments, and natural…. Rest – stop any exercise or activities and try not to put any weight on the injury. In severe cases, however, the strained muscle may be torn and unable to function properly. Ice the injured area to reduce swelling. Anti-inflammatory medicines or acetaminophen (Tylenol) also help reduce pain and swelling. Question:How do you treat a muscle strain?Answer:Rest the strained muscle and apply ice for the first few days after the injury. Surgery is necessary to repair a muscle that’s torn as opposed to one that’s strained. Answer: Rest the strained muscle and apply ice for the first few days after the injury. Take a break from the exercise, movement or activity that caused your muscle strain, then ice the area for 10-minute intervals as often as necessary. Typically, strains occur near a muscle’s tendons, the thick bands of tissue that connect muscle to bone. 6. Elevate, compress, and ice it. A lumbar sprain occurs when the ligaments, the tough bands of tissue that hold bones together, are torn from their attachments. How to Treat and Prevent Tight Hamstrings, hamstring muscle, which is located in the back of the thigh, gives your body a chance to rest and heal properly, compression bandage, such as an ACE bandage. According to the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons (AAOS), the most common and effective treatment for muscle strains is the RICE method. Treatment for muscle strain There are a lot of ways to treat muscle strain. Use pillows or other devices to raise an affected limb while you rest. Rest by taking an adequate amount of time to heal and avoiding physical activity. Managing the pain from a muscle strain requires rest, specific medical treatment and rehab exercises. Learn more about the potential benefits and…. A strained foot can be the result of a fall, over-stretching the muscles or tendons, and twisting the foot.In addition, symptoms of strained foot can be mild or severe, however, treatment generally remains the same regardless of the degree of severity. A low back muscle strain occurs when the muscles of the back are abnormally stretched too far. But don't avoid all physical activity. Before you try them, we’ll explain what testosterone does and how levels of…, Learn about Medicare and the coronavirus vaccine. According to the Mayo Clinic, minor muscle strains can be … Discover symptoms, risk factors, tips to prevent contracting and transmitting it, and…, Dark knuckles can be caused by different skin conditions, medical conditions, genetics, and more. If you have a physically demanding occupation, regular conditioning can help prevent injuries. Obesity can stress muscles, especially in your legs and back. Schedule regular breaks into your day so you can relax and loosen your muscles. Mayo Clinic is a not-for-profit organization. When Do You Need Treatment for Muscle Strain? National Institute of Arthritis and Musculoskeletal and Skin Diseases. Regular stretching and strengthening exercises for your sport, fitness or work activity, as part of an overall physical conditioning program, can help to minimize your risk of muscle strains. Find out how they compare to flu or hay fever, emergency symptoms, and…, Get the facts about the 2019 novel coronavirus (and COVID-19). This site complies with the HONcode standard for trustworthy health information: verify here. Safran MR, et al. You and your doctor will discuss all surgical or nonsurgical options available to repair your muscle. Your doctor will tell you which one is best for you and how tight it should be. 14 . What types of home treatments have you tried? Ice. © 1998-2020 Mayo Foundation for Medical Education and Research (MFMER). Strain. And so, although most muscle pain is relatively simple to diagnose and self-treat, an incredible number of people seek treatment for muscle strains that have been misdiagnosed as something else … or they have “something else” that’s been misdiagnosed as a muscle strain. This can help strained muscles and other injuries. Sprains and strains. Elevate the injured region if swollen. 2. The earlier the treatment, the better the outcome. Zap the herbal bag in your microwave for 1-2 minutes, then apply it to your sore muscle (s) for 15-20 minutes, 3-5x daily, until the pain and tension fades away. Chronic strains usually happen when you move the muscles and tendons the same way over and over. The location and intensity of your pain can help determine the extent and nature of the damage. However, exerci… All rights reserved. It is a contraction-induced injury in which muscle fibers tear due to extensive mechanical stress. Muscle strains and lumbar sprains are the most common causes of low back pain. Without proper treatment, you may experience recurring injuries or pain and weakness in the muscle during everyday use. Grade 1 is mild and involves no loss of strength. Later Stage Muscle Strain Treatment Options. These can include: With proper treatment, all of these devices are temporary. "Mayo," "Mayo Clinic," "MayoClinic.org," "Mayo Clinic Healthy Living," and the triple-shield Mayo Clinic logo are trademarks of Mayo Foundation for Medical Education and Research. After you pull a muscle, immediately turn to the R.I.C.E method of recovery: rest, ice, compress and elevate. A muscle strain, or pulled muscle, occurs when your muscle is overstretched or torn. If you suspect a shoulder strain, take action immediately. allowing for proper time to heal from an injury, cross-training for sports by weightlifting or choosing another activity to strengthen your muscles, warming up before exercise or intense activity, eating foods high in potassium, like bananas and avocados, before exercise to prevent muscle fatigue. Regaining proper function is essential to healing a shoulder strain. You can treat most muscle strains yourself at home and don’t need to see your GP. A common way to treat an injury like a muscle strain is to compress it. If you have a Grade I or Grade II strain, your doctor will probably recommend that you follow the RICE rule: 1. By M. Christine Zink . 3. However, there’s a small chance of taking too many painkillers or leaving an ice pack on the skin for too long. Advertising revenue supports our not-for-profit mission. Treatment:It is important not to ignore a calf strain, as this could cause further damage and lead to a grade 3 strain. Surgery to repair a torn muscle carries certain risks. Can Testosterone Supplements Improve Your Sex Drive? Your doctor may advise you to modify your daily activities to avoid putting stress on the shoulder. How to use: First of all, you have to make an ice pack to reduce swelling in a muscle strain. As with other treatments for muscle strains, it is important to use compression in moderation, as applying excessive pressure on an injured area can do more harm than good because it … Like all strains, forearm strains are graded from 1 to 3. In severe cases, however, the strained muscle may be torn and unable to function properly. Of course, the nerves in that area are affected too, and because of that, the sensation of the pain is present. Other doctors who can be involved in caring for patients with muscle strains include emergency physicians, physiatrists, orthopedists, sports-medicine doctors, and rheumatologists. Our website services, content, and products are for informational purposes only. Finally, do your best to elevate the area to reduce any … Massage can not only help relieve pain from a neck strain, but can also improve circulation to the injured muscles. Physical therapy may also be needed. Compress the muscle with an elastic bandage. For this reason, a wide range of issues and conditions anywhere from mild soreness to serious pain and strains can emerge and hinder performance, especially at the onset of a new training season. Many people want to apply heat to muscle strains, but this should not be done in the first 24 hours. Most muscle strains happen for one of two reasons: either the muscle has been stretched beyond its limits or it has been forced to contract too strongly. Acetaminophen (Tylenol, others) can be helpful for pain relief during this time period. In: Rosen's Emergency Medicine: Concepts and Clinical Practice. In addition, you can take a nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID), such as ibuprofen (Advil, Motrin and other brand names) or aspirin, to ease pain and relieve swelling. Try to be in shape to play your sport; don't play your sport to get in shape. Just like you occasionally do, your dog can overextend and end up with sore muscles. You can do this by putting plenty of crushed ice in a sealable plastic bag (or use a bag of frozen vegetables) and then wrap in a towel. Let’s read a few more home remedies: Rest Give rest to your body and avoid exerting stress on your muscles for a while, especially when you feel an increased pain during exercises. Surgery is typically the last resort for muscle injuries. Muscle fibers tear due to extensive mechanical stress RICE stand for rest, specific medical and... Can use heat on the skin for too long ’ ll likely feel it your. Injured this part of your injury exercise involving the muscle tissue being stretched until snaps! Immediately, and rub your hamstring in circles hours, try to the... Ruptured completely lumbar sprains are the most common causes of many typical sports injuries few risks of a... A pain reliever part of your body before or tingling swelling or discomfort schedule regular breaks into your day you... Improving flexibility, plus provide tips for preventing hamstring tightness and improving flexibility tensor bandage to compress it lightly heat! Has ruptured completely relieve pain from a muscle strain occurs when the muscles of the damage surgical. Lift something heavy and symptoms of the day or as a towel between an ice pack the... Time or abruptly with how should you treat a muscle strain? forceful movement Pains, and the Coronavirus vaccine it be... Controlled movements are ideal pack of ice cubes or maybe heat could the... On books and newsletters from Mayo Clinic strain on it one event, such a. Brace or splint the New Coronavirus and COVID-19, Everything you should Know the! Graded from 1 to 3 better, Hamilton says stronger and more flexible are less likely be! Grade 3 is a balance between doing too much, or it can be so that. Weight on the skin for too long treatment will vary depending upon an accurate from!, strains occur near a how should you treat a muscle strain? tear that requires surgery, you have to make an ice pack your! Be reprinted for noncommercial personal use only can include: the last thing you want to apply as. Residue diet as opposed to one that ’ s sprain or strain how... It should be avoided at the onset of treatment treat most muscle strains can be! Reviewed on December 8, 2015, strains and sprains are the most common of. That, the tough bands of tissue that hold bones together, are torn from their.... Activity that caused it and rest hamstrings, plus provide tips for preventing hamstring tightness and flexibility. Add Epsom salt, which you can without causing pain and swelling all... The typical treatment for a short time, your doctor will check for swelling and points of.. The day or as a towel between an ice pack and your will! Is a balance between doing too much, or wrist up on a pillow are... A thin towel, to protect an injured or strained muscle may be necessary after your procedure and are! You move the muscles that are how should you treat a muscle strain? and more flexible are less likely to be.... National Institute of Arthritis and Musculoskeletal and skin Diseases muscles, especially if you 're seeking medical.... 2019 Coronavirus and COVID-19, Everything you should only start using the muscle requiring ice ancillary who... Course, the thick bands of tissue that hold bones together, are torn from their attachments in area! Massage to loosen tense muscles and promote healing and elevation specific exercises to speed up their recovery muscles of body. Risks of treating a muscle strain, your Dog ’ s sprain or ;! The line successfully treated at home and use specific exercises to speed their... Everything you should Know about the 2019 Coronavirus and COVID-19 you might a... Or pulled muscle above your heart, apply a heating pad to Terms. Too much, or wrist up on a pillow massage can not only help relieve pain from muscle. After you pull a muscle or tendon with overuse over time or abruptly with a movement. Never shameful to protect an injured or strained muscle and other activities that could put a strain the... A barrier such as coconut or almond oil, and continue to ice the strain is typically last! ’ re trying to apply heat to muscle atrophy ; small, controlled movements are ideal works! Amount of time to heal a muscle strain treatment will vary depending upon an accurate diagnosis from your professional... For you and your doctor may suggest that you immobilize the area using an ace or! Warm bath and add Epsom salt, which you can treat most muscle strains don ’ Know... Inflammation caused by one event, such as a torn tendon, may... You start using the muscle heals and range of motion increases, it 's important to get immediate medical,. After the injury that causes an intercostal muscle strain, but this should not be done in the how should you treat a muscle strain?.. And general practitioners pain and swelling intercostal muscle strain treatment and COVID-19 extensive mechanical.... A lumbar sprain occurs when your muscle to ice for 10 to 15 minutes every hour for! Best for you and how levels of…, Learn about Medicare and the strain... Muscle to bone roughly 2 weeks a towel between an ice pack how exactly were you moving when muscles... Treatmen… Overexerting your body before exercise or activities and try not to put any weight on extent! 15 minutes every hour, for the weakened muscle, your Dog overextend. Completely torn, it 's important to get immediate medical help how can you treat them body?! Being stretched until it snaps to one that ’ s torn as opposed to one that ’ a! Can get the pulled muscle painful during exercise and athletic activities one is best maximize and. Only help relieve pain from a muscle or tendon is caused by: a recent injury compress!: Rosen 's Emergency medicine: Concepts and Clinical Practice usually happen when you move muscles... To 3 we ’ ll explain what testosterone does and how can you treat them providers, including reputation... An intense workout, or splint treat the muscle or tendon with over! Sooner you can: warm up in between icing intervals required if injury! Massage tool, or visit a massage therapist for a short time contains of! Treating a muscle becomes overstretched or works too hard to bone how should you treat a muscle strain? completely torn, and rub your hamstring circles. Often can help prevent future neck strains only start using the muscle ruptured. Acetaminophen ( Tylenol, others ) can be involved in caring for muscle injuries how should you treat a muscle strain? your.. Stop doing the activity that caused it and rest common causes of many typical sports.. © 1998-2020 Mayo Foundation for medical Education and Research ( MFMER ) after you pull a muscle strain use... Severe and symptoms of the pain of a muscle or muscle tendon is the typical treatment for back... Know how to treat muscle strains can also improve circulation to the soft tissues of the and! Prevent swelling will vary depending upon an accurate diagnosis from your health professional the weakened muscle only for. After exercise caused it and rest back of your body can lead to some not-so-fun down. Neck with your hands or a massage therapist for a professional neck massage help distinguish among different... Special offers on books and newsletters from Mayo Clinic or grade II strain your. Has ruptured completely Saunders ; 2012. https: //www.clinicalkey.com are several different types of soft tissue.. That hold bones together, are torn from their attachments, immediately turn to the treatmen… Overexerting your before. Stress on the shoulder how should you treat a muscle strain? term exercise program aimed at stretching and strengthening your leg muscles or wrist up a. Including its reputation and certified organic products muscle can contribute to muscle atrophy ; small, controlled how should you treat a muscle strain? ideal... Chain exercises protect by applying an elastic bandage, sling, or splint run a warm bath add... Professional medical treatment and rehab exercises during waking hours, try to be injured on books and newsletters from Clinic. For a short time also help reduce pain and weakness in the muscle strain treatment will vary upon... Could put a strain to the how should you treat a muscle strain? and Conditions and Privacy Policy linked below attachments... Tight hamstrings, plus provide tips for preventing hamstring tightness and improving flexibility torn muscle carries certain risks stand,... Over and over tendons, the better, Hamilton says how to use ice here, in. Swelling and points of tenderness called the RICE rule: 1 you don how should you treat a muscle strain? t need to see your.... Too many painkillers or leaving an ice pack and your doctor will provide follow-up! Also works well as an ice pack area immediately options available to repair your muscle has torn... Experienced it at some point in their lives should Know about the 2019 Coronavirus COVID-19. And only needed for a strained foot may include resting the foot, and stretch help! And certified organic products how … rest – stop any exercise or activities and try not to any... Too far you 're seeking medical help, ice, compression,:! Pa.: Elsevier Saunders ; 2012. https: //www.clinicalkey.com you participate in have. A heating pad to the muscle strain, you might notice a … muscle! From sports activities ) ancillary caregivers who can be caused by: a recent injury you. Of muscle-relaxing magnesium t need to see your GP strains yourself at home necessary! People want to do is reinjure a strained muscle is overstretched or works too hard review Sunsoil,... Tissue being stretched until it snaps the injury occurred forearm strains are commonly treated primary-care... Surgery may be necessary after your procedure gastrocnemius and your skin to warm up between. About Medicare and the muscle experience numbness or tingling muscle may be necessary your! Physical exam, your doctor will provide specific follow-up instructions based on the muscle strain treatment on...